Family/Lineage tree of the main Prophets of God (Moses, Jesus, Mohammed (P.B.U.T))
“Say: We believe in Allah and that which is revealed to us, and in what was revealed to Abraham, Ishma’il, Isaac, Jacob, and the tribes,
Thus, in Islam, the prophets are seen as spiritual brothers one to another. The chain of prophethood ended with Muhammad (570-632 C.E.), who lived 600 years after his predecessor Jesus.
The Bible affirms the above geneology in its prophecy...
And Abraham said to God, "If only Ishmael might live under your blessing!" Then God said, "Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him
Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him.
And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation. (Genesis 17:15-22)
We know the two great nations that came from Isaac (P.B.U.H.), ie the Jews via Moses and the Christians via Jesus (P.B.U.T).
But which great prophet/nation came from Ishmael, in par with the Jews and Christians? The only obvious one is Mohammed (S.A.W). His legacy remains that 1 in 5 people in the world follow the ways prescribed by Mohammed (S.A.W). The true final messenger of Allah, reaffirming the message of all the prophets of the past and leaving behind the unchaged final testament, the Quran.
At another place, God told Moses:"I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and I will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him." Exodus 4:15 *1
The Bible Prophecy catagorically reflects Mohammed (S.A.W) as the prophet to come.
(This is outlined in more detail in "Mohammed (P.B.U.H) in the Bible" under the menu 'Mohammed (P.B.U.H)', and also in "What the Bible Says about Prophet Mohamed (P.B.U.H)" under the IPCI Brochures left menu )
Due to this Abrahamic link, muslims consider the Jews and Christians as cousin brothers, followers of Abrahamic monethesism. The belief in one God. Hence the Quran infurs a special term for them, "Ahl-Al Kitab" (ie People of the Book).
Some quranic references for the Poeple of the Book are quoted below
… You will find the people most affectionate to those who believe are those who say, 'We are Christians.' That is because some of them are priests and monks and because they are not arrogant. (Surat al-Ma'ida, 82)
Today all good things have been made lawful for you. And the food of those given the Book is also lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. So are chaste women from among the believers and chaste women of those given the Book before you,... But as for anyone who disbelieve, his actions will come to nothing and in the hereafter he will be among the losers. (Surat al-Mai'da: 5)
…if God had not driven some people back by means of others, monasteries, churches, synagogues and mosques, where God's name is mentioned much, would have been pulled down and destroyed. God will certainly help those who help Him - God is All-Strong, Almighty. (Surat al-Hajj: 40 )
O People of the Book! Let us rally to a common formula to be binding on both us and you: That we worship none but God; that we associate no partners with Him; that we erect not, from among ourselves, Lords and patrons other than God. (Surat Al 'Imran, 64)